Here is a list of common champions that you may or may not be able to win effectively against.
: Ashe has all of the kiting elements you're looking to build build in at level 1. She is far better at doing so than you are early, and naturally. Dont get baited into chasing her, and you should be fine. Her passive shouldnt be too much of a hassle to you, as she should be farming. Stand behind minions to avoid getting hit with volleys, and you should win the lane, as your poke is far superior to hers.
: Caitlyn is exceedingly common in ranked and for good reason. Her early damage and harass are unrivaled, and, as such, she is one of your biggest counters. She outranges you, out pokes you, and her ult is targeted, unlike yours. She will try to poke you out of lane, and she hurts a lot. If you see her headshot up, try to back up a bit until she uses it, as it will chunk you down pretty hard if she lands it on you. Your only hope is to play passively, freeze the lane closer to your tower and hers, and farm up, while trying to deny her as much as possible without dying. Call for ganks early, as if she gets behind, she's useless later on.
: Just dont pick Ezreal into Draven. For the love of god. Your have so little health early and he has a ton of damage. Very few people can actually trade effectively with him in the laning phase, so just try to farm under tower, as he cant help but push the lane.
: Graves is everything you want to avoid. He has a gap closer, same as you, but it gives him bonus stats. He has an AOE slow that denies you vision, and his passive means you'll be doing less damage than he will be doing to you. He's bursty, and his poke hurts a whole hell of a lot, and can it through minions, so be careful. Stay back, farm under tower, and DO NOT get him fed early. He's slippery, and that ult is a pain.
: His poke is better than you. He has more range, and his W does % health. After 6, he will be able to chase you down relentlessly, but if you poke him out early, it'll be fine. He's late game, you're early game. Play with a level head, and dont get too aggressive, but dont necessarily be passive either. Dont let him farm early, and dont let him kill you early. If a kog'maw gets fed early, he hits his late game power at 25 minutes, and that means GG for you.
: I havent played many games against quinn, but feeding her seems to be a sign of certain doom. Try to stay safe, and try to keep at a safe range from her, as she is VERY sticky and will burst you down quickly. She's also super mobile in her bird form, so if she hits 6 then immediately leaves the lane, make sure you ping, or else she may roam mid and pick up an early kill. Keep an eye on her late, as she's pretty good at split pushing.
: Lol, someone picked Sivir. Dont get hit by her boomerang blade, and dont go full retard and you're fine.
: She pushes extremely hard and there's nothing you can do about it. Shes super strong early, and she is a beast late. Mid game, she kinda falls off, so just play passively, and dont let her get to late game quickly. She's also super slippery, but does a lot of damage quickly. Tristana is honestly one of the most annoying people to play against, so get used to hugging your turret.
: Twitch is rarely played anymore, but he shouldnt give you much trouble. He doesnt do an absurd amount of damage early, and he doesnt have the utility you do, even with his stealth. Just dont get caught in a straight line with your team, or he will shred you hardcore.
: Varus is super strong right now. He can pin you down, negating your mobility completely. He does % health damage and is not to be underestimated in a trade. If he starts spamming abilites, keep an eye on his mana bar, because if its low, he cant do much. This is honestly a skill match up. Farm it out and take opportunities as they come.
Difficulty: Skill Match-Up
: The late-game monster in the flesh. She can be problematic early if she lands a condemn on you, and be careful of her when she hits level 6, because she gains a huge power spike. You can out-poke her, but try to deny her cs, as a farmed vayne is terrible for your team. DO NOT FEED HER. All she needs is a few kills to completely bypass her early game weakness.